El estilo explicativo pesimista y la autoeficacia ocupacional: Un análisis cuantitativo bicultural / Pessimist explanatory style and occupational self-efficacy: A bicultural quantitative analysis

Daniel Arturo Cernas Ortiz



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20983/noesis.2018.4.1

Resumen


El objetivo de este trabajo es examinar la relación entre el estilo explicativo pesimista y la autoeficacia ocupacional. También, determinar si la fuerza de este efecto varía entre México y Estados Unidos. Se aplicó un cuestionario autoadministrado en ambos países (n en México = 282, EE.UU. = 275). Las hipótesis se probaron utilizando regresión lineal jerárquica y análisis de moderación. Los resultados indican que el estilo explicativo pesimista tiene una relación negativa con la autoeficacia ocupacional y que esta relación es más pronunciada en Estados Unidos que en su vecino del sur. En conjunto, los hallazgos sugieren que las atribuciones malsanas de eventos negativos tienen el poder de inhibir las experiencias directas de éxito y, por lo tanto, el desarrollo de las creencias de autoeficacia en el dominio ocupacional. Además, la cultura nacional puede amplificar tal efecto haciéndolo más negativo en Estados Unidos que en México.  

Abstract

The aim of this research study is to examine the relationship between pessimist explanatory style and occupational self-efficacy. Also, to assess whether the strength of this relationship varies between Mexico and the United States. A self-administered survey was applied in both countries (Mexico´s n = 282, U.S.A.´s n = 275). Hierarchical linear regression and moderation analysis were employed to test the study hypotheses. The results indicate that pessimist explanatory style has a negative relationship with occupational self-efficacy and that this relationship is more pronounced in the United States than in its southwestern neighbor. On the whole, the findings suggest that unhealthy attributions for negative events have the power to inhibit enactive mastery and, therefore, the development of self-efficacy beliefs in the occupational domain. In addition, national culture could amplify such effect making it more negative in the United States than in Mexico.


Palabras clave


Estilo explicativo; autoeficacia; atribuciones; cultura nacional

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Referencias


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Copyright (c) 2018 Daniel Arturo Cernas Ortiz

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Nóesis. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, año 29, número 57, semestre enero-junio 2020, es una publicación electrónica semestral, editada por la Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez a través del Instituto de Ciencias Sociales y Administración, Avenida Heroico Colegio Militar s/n, Edificio N, oficina 204-E, zona Chamizal, Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México, C.P. 32310, Tel: +52 (656) 6882100 ext. 3797. www.revistanoesis.mx, noesis@uacj.mx. Editor responsable: Dr. José de Jesús Cortés Vera. Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo Núm. 04-2013-101613484300-203, otorgada por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor.   E-ISSN: 2395-8669   P-ISSN: 0188-9834. 

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