Capacidad productiva y pleno empleo: una alternativa de política

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20983/noesis.2022.2.1

Palabras clave:

capacidad productiva, desempleo, demanda efectiva, inversión

Resumen

El objetivo de este trabajo es proponer a la tasa de ocupación de la capacidad productiva como objetivo de política para abatir el desempleo. La estrategia que se deriva de esta propuesta consiste en reinstalar la administración de la demanda efectiva como instrumento principal de lucha contra el desempleo. Esta propuesta intenta reemplazar el marco teórico predominante, basado en el funcionamiento del mercado de trabajo neokeynesiano, mismo que impone como principal restricción para alcanzar el pleno empleo a la inflación. Validamos nuestra propuesta usando datos de seis economías y diversas técnicas econométricas. Los resultados indican que el porcentaje de uso de la ocupación productiva puede ser una buena sustituta del desempleo. Más aún, a través de un modelo econométrico panel, identificamos que las variables de demanda, en particular la acumulación de capital, tienen incidencia en la capacidad productiva.

Productive capacity and full employment: a policy alternative

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to propose the rate of productive capacity utilization as the economic policy target to fight unemployment.  The idea behind this proposal is aimed at re-installing the management of effective demand as the main tool to reduce unemployment. This proposal attempts to replace the dominant theoretical framework, based on the neo-Keynesian labor market, which imposes inflation as the main restriction to reduce unemployment. We asses our proposal using data of six economies and several econometric techniques. The results indicate that the percentage of productive capacity utilization can indeed be a good substitute of the rate of unemployment. Moreover, according to the results of our panel data estimations, we identify that effective demand variables, like capital accumulation, affect productive capacity. 

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Biografía del autor/a

Moritz Cruz , Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México-IIEc

Nivel académico:  Licenciatura Estudio:  Administración; Institución:  UAM-Iztapalapa Año:  1995 Nivel académico:  Maestría Estudio:  Economía Escuela:  Facultad de Economía Institución:  UNAM Año:  1998 Nivel académico:  Doctorado Estudio:  Economía Institución:  Universidad de Manchester, Inglaterra Año:  2004

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Publicado

2022-08-06 — Actualizado el 2022-08-08

Cómo citar

Ahedo García, M. R., & Cruz , M. . (2022). Capacidad productiva y pleno empleo: una alternativa de política . Nóesis. Revista De Ciencias Sociales, 31(62), 4–23. https://doi.org/10.20983/noesis.2022.2.1

Número

Sección

Ciencias Sociales