A walk-through Tijuana: an ethnographic reflection on the daily life and the migrants’ caravans’ impact in Tijuana, Baja California, México




Palabras clave:

Border studies, Ethnography, Tijuana


The following article presents an ethnographic and urban reflection focused on the daily life and the main problems including: the impact of the Migrant Caravans, and the lifestyle observed in Zona Norte of Tijuana during the years 2018 – 2021. Furthermore, the article discusses other important issues such as: the COVID-19 pandemic impact, and the historical socio-cultural patterns developed to survive the economic inequality conditions in Tijuana. Methodologically, the article utilized a qualitative approach based on fieldwork experience including participant observation, and multiple interviews conducted with residents and workers during my visits to Tijuana, Baja California, México between 2018 – 2021. The conclusions of this article present a reflection to understand and to make visible the living conditions of the migrants, the efforts provided by one Migrant organization and the unique lifestyle and contemporary urban problems developed in the border city of Tijuana.

Biografía del autor/a

Victor Manuel Vazquez, University of Texas at El Paso

Victor Vazquez PhD. Education 2000, BA in Social Sciences General Program. University of Puerto Rico at Cayey. 2003, Master degree in Social Research Techniques and Participative Research to the Local Development. Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain)Thesis Theme: A participatory reflection on the phase of planning and Development in the communities of Villaverde and Usera, Madrid (Spain). 2012, PhD. in Social Anthropology. Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain), Dissertation: Social Policy and Poverty in Puerto Rico; Ethnographic study in the Community of Los Chorros, Guaynabo, Puerto Rico. http://eprints.ucm.es/16358/ BIOGRAPHY Full -time Lecturer in the Sociology and Anthropology Department, University of Texas at El Paso since August 2017. Courses taught: Cultural Anthropology, Drug Use Abuse Trafficking, Ethnographic Methods, Anthropology of the Caribbean. Prior to this position he was adjunct faculty in the University of Puerto Rico, Cayey Campus and Rio Piedras Campus from 2012 - 2017. He has taught following course: Cultural Anthropology, Cultural Ecology, Introduction to the Social Sciences I, Introduction to Social Sciences II, Introduction to Sociology, Cultural Anthropology, Sociology of Communities, Sociology of the Family, Sociology of Sciences. Introduction Sociocultural Anthropology, Urban Ecology, Urban Anthropology. RESEARCH INTERESTS AND EXPERTISE Ethnographic areas Poverty, Social Policy, Cultural Ecology, Subculture, Diasporas Communities, Latinos in USA. Urban and Rural Poor Communities, Development Issues, Globalizations Studies, Gentrification Impact, Educations Studies, Neoliberal Political Impact, Social Publications Article: Los Pobres como Agentes de cambio Social (2014) www.suagm.edu/une/pdf/ambito/ambito_7_2.pdf

Mariana Gutiérrez, Universidad de Texas en El Paso

University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) Undergraduate student in the Sociology and Anthropology Department. Her research focuses on Urban Anthropology, Border Studies and Migrants Caravans.


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Photos taken by Dr. Víctor Vázquez during fieldwork conducted in Tijuana during spring-summer 2021.