Modelos de transporte por carretera y emisiones de carbono aplicables en las ciudades y su entorno

Pablo Martín Urbano, Juan Ignacio Sánchez Gutiérrez, Abril Yuriko Herrera Ríos

Resumen


Este artículo explica los modelos básicos de transporte por carretera, centrado especialmente en las conexiones dentro de las ciudades, con el propósito de presentar un panorama amplio de los principales planteamientos de modelización de emisiones de carbono. Aquí se desarrollan los aspectos teóricos generales que enmarcan este tipo de herramientas y se revisa la importancia de los modelos para la evaluación de las emisiones de carbono causadas por la movilidad urbana. Asimismo, se plantea una tipología de modelos de transporte carretero, algunos métodos de cálculo de emisiones comúnmente utilizados y sus limitaciones.

Absract

This article explains the basic models of road transport, with a particular focus on inner urban connections, with the aim of presenting a comprehensive overview of the main approaches to carbon emission modelling. Here we develop the theoretical aspects that support this type of tools and review the importance of models for the assessment of carbon emissions caused by urban mobility. A typology of road transport models is also proposed, some commonly used emissions calculation methods and their limitations.


Palabras clave


Trasporte; emisiones; modelos de transporte

Texto completo:

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